It is understood from the excavations that pottery started to develop with the transition of nomadic tribes to settled order. The first pottery made in Anatolia dates back to the 'Neolithic' period, that is, about 7000 BC. It is understood that the first period pots were hand-shaped by winding-wrapping method, and the cooking was generally done in open fire. With the discovery of the potter wheel in the 3000s BC, forming process started on the wheel. In the same period, primitive ovens were started to be used for cooking the soil.
Archaeological artefacts found during the excavations indicate that İzmir and its surroundings (Bayraklı, Urla, Foça, Samos Island) were important ceramic centers.
As for the reasons for the development of pottery in this region, the soil structure is rich in terms of pottery clay, which is the raw material suitable for pottery production. Another reason is the need for containers to be used for storing wine and olive oil due to viticulture and oil production respectively.
Today, pottery is very well developed in Menemen district. The clay, which is obtained from the region and suitable for making pottery, is turned into mud in special ponds, filtered and cleaned, then dried until it reaches a certain consistency and shaped by hand on the wheel.
The clay used in Menemen is suitable for making glazed and unglazed products just in one cooking process.
Here, now in the seventh generation looms, it is seen that the electric motor has replaced the human power. There are 8 big workshops in Menemen, and unlike many other regions, there are some people from new generation who learn this art. In addition to daily use items such as cubes, flower pots, glasses and jugs, souvenirs for touristic purposes are also included in product range.