Beledi Weaving

Beledi weaving is one of the oldest cotton weaving styles in Türkiye. This technique dates back to the 16th century. In historical records, this type of weaving can be seen in Tire (İzmir’s district) and Bursa.

According to the Aydın Province Yearbook dated 1908, there are 60 manual looms in Tire. Drapery, upholstery, beds and quilts made of Beledi weaving in Tire met the needs of the region, and some of them were also exported. Over the years, the number of looms has decreased. Today, only Saim Bayri and Ethem Tıpırdık continue this handicraft.

Beledi weaves are woven into the 24 frame on looms that can be controlled by 16 or 13 pedals. The weaving that emerges on these looms is a double layer and very durable type of weaving. Background colors are green, red and dark blue, and motif colors are white and yellow. Patterns takes names such as badem (almond), kelebek (butterfly), hebib mattress, evsat, altıparmak, düzbastı and sepet (basket).

The width of the fabrics is generally 60 cm. There are two types, “medium” and “ala”. Silk is used very little in medium weavings, this type of weaving is preferred as upholstery quilt and mattress face. In Ala type weavings, the fabric is silk and it is used as drapery.