History of Narlidere
Narlidere was dominated by the Lydians, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, Byzantines, Genoese, Aydinogullari and Rhodes Knights. It is known that the Turks came to the region after the War of Malazgirt in 1071, Chaka Bey took Izmir in 1081 and founded a beylik named Beylik of Izmir, and in 1425 it came under Ottoman sovereignty in the reign of Murat II.
Izmir, which was under Greek occupation on May 15, 1919, was saved the enemy occupation on September 9, 1922.
Although there is no true information about the first settlement of Narlidere, it is known that the region, which we cannot consider separately from the history of Izmir, was under the rule of the Luwians in 2000 BC according to the Hittite inscriptions. Later; after the Lydians, respectively Persians, the Kingdom of Macedonia since Alexander the Great took over Western Anatolia in 332 BC, the Kingdom of Pergamon and the Romans between 133 and 395 BC continued to dominate. The region, which was called AKHILLON, which means "water passage, throat" in the Luwian language by the Romans, came under Byzantine rule with the disintegration of the Roman Empire.
Hun raids in 440 AD and Arab raids in 665 made Izmir meet with Turks and Muslims. After the War of Malazgirt in 1071, with the arrival of the Turkish tribes to Western Anatolia, it is known that the region was captured by Chaka Bey, one of the Seljuk Beys, in 1081 and a beylik was founded. The region, which changed hands between the Seljuk, Byzantine, Genoese and Rhodes Knights, came under the rule of the Beylik of Aydinogulari in 1425 and it was incorparated in the Ottoman territory by the Sultan 2nd Murat.
The area, which was damaged by the Venetian attack in 1472, was named Sancakkale in the Ottoman period due to the castle built by Koprulu Mehmet Pasha in the Yenikale region in 1666. Our district, which is said to have been named Narlidere because of the pomegranate trees around Creek of Ali Onbasi, was also mentioned as Tozluyurt in the land registers of our district.
During the World War I, Sancakkale was shelled twice by the British, and our officers and soldiers who died in the first attack were buried in Martyrdom of Narlidere.
After the collapse of the Akkoyunlu State of the Narlidere district, it is said that it was founded by the Turkmen tribes and woodworkers (people who engaged in woodworking during Ottoman Empire and partly today) who came from Horasan with the Safavid pressure and settled in various regions of the Aegean, in Yukarikoy, which is located within the borders of today's Narli Neighborhood. The Greeks are said to have settled in Ortakoy and Yenikoy, the other two neighborhoods that forms Narlidere.
After the Greeks left the region during the exchange period after the War of Independence, the immigrants from Macedonia, Komotini regions of Greece and Albania and Yugoslavia were settled in Ortakoy, which is located in the borders of Camtepe Neighborhood. Balkan immigrants were settled in Yenikoy, within the boundaries of Ilica Neighborhood.
In the 1950s the population of our district was specified as 2655, it reached to 54 thousands in the 2000s because of the summer house vacationist settled in the coastal areas, agricultural immigration starting with seasonal workers who come for citrus production and the population effect of Alevis migrating from various parts of Türkiye due to the district being a center of attraction for Alevis.
It is known that Narlidere was a neighborhood unit of the central district of Izmir Province in the 1950s and that its center was Asagikoy.
Narlidere Municipality was established in Asagikoy in 1962 and its first district governor was Kemal Bey. Ali Fuat Cetinkilic won the local elections of 17 November 1963 and served as mayor until 1977. In the local elections held in 1977, Ihsan Erbakis became the mayor and remained as a mayor until the military coup in 12 September 1980. As a result of the military coup, Erbakis was dismissed and Narlidere was turned into a branch of Izmir Municipality.
Narlidere, which was a district consisting of some neighborhoods of Konak district until 1992, became a district again with the name of Narlibahce by combining with Guzelbahce with the law published in the Official Journal No. 21247 on 3 June 1992. Narlibahce district was again divided into two districts under the name of Guzelbahce and Narlidere with the law numbered 3949, which was adopted on 27 December 1993. He has been the mayor of Abdul Batur since 1999 in Narlidere, where its mayors were Yildirim Ulupinar between 1992 - 1994 and Mustafa Karahan between 1994 - 1999.
Six officers and soldiers, who were martyred in the first attack in Sancakkale and shelled twice by the British Naval Gunner during the World War I, were buried in martyrdom of Narlidere, which has 19 graves in total.
There are graves of the head of the 17th Corps Recruiting Committee and the Garrison Commander Colonel Suleyman Fethi Bey and 8 soldiers who were martyred by the Greek force and the local Greeks during the invasion of Izmir on May 15, 1919 and 4 mission soldiers martyred at various times in the martyrdom.
Our district, which is located on the south coast of the Gulf of Izmir in the Western Aegean Region, has an area of 63 km².
It is surrounded by Balcova in the east of our district, Guzelbahce in the west, Konak districts and Catalkaya mountain range covered with forests in the south, and the Gulf of Izmir in the north.
Our district's surface area; 20% is residential area, 10% is agricultural land, 70% is tree nursery, bush and forest.
Mediterranean climate prevails in our district.
Although our district has not an important river, small creeks such as Ilica and Ali Onbasi flow into the Gulf of Izmir.
Narlidere, located in the west of Izmir, borders with Balcova and Guzelbahce districts. Narlidere, which has the cleanest waters of the Gulf of Izmir, is an oxygen reservoir with pine forests covering Catalkaya Mountain. Narlidere, which is one of the districts with the widest green texture of Izmir thanks to its modern residences and its regular urbanization, has been among the most popular districts of Izmir thanks to these features. Within the boundaries of the district, there is the world's second largest nursing home and a 5-star tourist hotel in terms of modernity and size. Narlidere's biggest goal is to host investments for thermal tourism.
Narlidere is located within the borders of the Metropolitan City. It is surrounded by Balcova in the east, Guzelbahce and Menderes Districts in the west and the Gulf of Izmir in the north. The surface area of the district is 63 km². It does not have a connected village and town. According to the 2007 census, its population is 61.455. According to 2008, it is 63.020.
There are 9 primary schools and 3 secondary education institutions in the district; 372 teachers work in these schools where 6,829 students are educated. Health services in the district are provided by 3 health centers and 1 health house. Narlidere has become a residential area where prestigious residential areas are rapidly developing. Around 1,500 residences in the district are heated by geothermal energy.
There is also an Olympic swimming pool within the boundaries of Narlidere district. This swimming pool was built since it was needed in the twenty-third of University games organized in Izmir. Southern Area Sea Command, Aegean Army Command, barracks and lodgings of Narlidere are also located in Narlidere.
Narlidere Martyrdom was built in memory of the young people who gave their lives for the sake of the War of Independence and is opposite the Ataturk Cultural Center.
Ataturk Cultural Center is the largest cultural facility in Narlidere and includes a wedding hall. Modern marketplace is an exemplary marketplace project for other towns.
Citrus and floriculture constitute the biggest income sources of Narlidere. Our district, which has the largest citrus gardens in the region, is one of the important centers of greenhouse floristry. Works to increase the income type are conducted for our district, which does not have an industrial facility due to its location.
Population of our district was 34 844 in its establishment. As of 31/01/2011, according to address based population registration system of the Statistical Institute of Türkiye, it reached 78.832. 42.476 of the total population are male and 30.356 are female.
Due to the internal migrations from the Eastern and Southeastern Anatolian Regions, the natural beauty and retired people preferring to settle here; there has been an increase in population in our district in the last 20 years.
Narlidere - Social Structure
The majority of the population consists of middle income retired people, tradesmen and farmers. Especially in neighborhoods of Ataturk, II. Inonu, Narli and Catalkaya, our citizens from Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia live in slums. The number of slums is around 2000. The socio-economic and cultural level of those living in slums is very low. Most of them have difficulty in adapting to urban life, and continue their customary clothing and customs.
In line with the project of renovating the urban texture by the Municipality of Narlidere, the region where the slums are located was planned as a mass housing area. Cooperatives and the Municipality started multi-storey construction and slum improvement works in this region. In the first stage, 400 houses were distributed and the slums where these families lived were destroyed.
In the coastal part of our district, families with high income live in summer residences and villas.