GEOGRAPHY OF KEMALPASA
The district is located 29 km east of İzmir, 8 km south of Izmir-Ankara Highway. There is Turgutlu in the east, Manisa in the north, Bornova and the center of Izmir in the west, Torbali and Bayindir in the south. Its surface area is 658 km2 and its altitude is 225 meters.
It is located on a very fertile plain located in the south-west of Kemalpasa District between the Nif Mountains, highest point of which is 1510 meters, and the Manisa Mountains in the north.
The most important river of the district is Nif Stream. This stream enters the boundaries of the district from the west of Ulucak and flows east from the Kemalpasa Plain and pours into the Gediz River in Manisa.
It is Mediterranean climate and summers are hot and dry, winters are warm and rainy. Comparing with the climate of Izmir, it is harsher a little. The average annual rainfall is 1050 mm.
The Aegean Region has east-west oriented and wide bottom plains and mountain chains in the same direction that distinguish them from each other. The surface shapes of Izmir have rather fragmented and diverse structure. Before entering the city borders, Gediz Plain meets with Spil (Manisa) Mountain and divides into two. One of its braches resembles a gulf and goes to the south of Spil Mountain and forms the Nif (Kemalpasa) Plain. The other branch of the plain, following the northern slope of Spil Mountain, enters the provincial territory and forms the Menemen Strait by squeezing between Dumanlidag and Yamanlar Mountain in the south. There is Menemen Plain, which has a wide coastal plain, in the west of this strait.
The abundant metamorphic clastic sand stones of the formation determine the metamorphic source area. Turbidite sequences are quite common within the flysch sequence. These include limestone lenses with abundant bio herm debris at the lower levels, and foraminiferous remains at the top. Sitting and sliding structures can be observed.
The most important river of the district is Nif Stream. The stream rising from Cicekli Village of Bornova passes through Kemalpasa Plain and flows into Gediz in the Manisa provincial borders. It is nourished by many streamlets which are dry in summers and flow from the foothills of Spil and Nif Mountains. There are no flooding problems because DSİ (State Hydraulic Works) conducts anti-flooding programs in Nif Stream bed within the frame of its working plans.
Regional Geology; The environmental geological condition of the settlement area, which forms the middle section in the Nif Mountain-Spil Mountain section, is mainly flysch and rubble sediments. These basic rocks with the name of Izmir Flysch are in Cretaceous ages. It is symbolized as Belkahve Formation in detailed geological studies.
West Anatolia and its vicinity, which is between 34.000 – 44.000 N latitudes and 25.000 – 32.000 E meridians, are tectonically quite active. Especially Mugla and Izmir Seismotectonics Regions frequently witnessed severe earthquakes. There has been no major earthquake in Izmir-Kemalpasa region for years.
Nearly 60% of its surface area (33.611 ha) is covered by forests. Oaks, red pines and black pines consist of forest trees. There are maquis shrublands which are typical Mediterranean vegetation and degraded coppice lands.